Definition of sp3 Carbon

A sp3 hybridized carbon is a tetravalent carbon that forms single covalent bonds (sigma bonds) with atoms of other p-block elements- Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Halogens, etc. The bonds formed are of equal strength and at an angle of 109.5o due to which the central carbon atom is tetrahedral in shape. Example, carbon of an alkane or an alkyl group.

what is a sp3 carbon

An sp3 carbon depending on the number and the type of neighbor can be further be classified as primary (1o), secondary (2o), tertiary (3o), quaternary (4o), allylic and benzylic.

define sp3 carbon

 

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